French Caveys' history


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At the moment, my father has found two branches of Caveys in France. We have some good reason to think that they have the same roots, but we can not prove it and I am afraid we will never prove it.

The most ancient branch came from Orne department in Southern Normandy.

  • Cavey's from Orne (Argentan, Southern Normandy)

As I explained in "How the story began", there is almost no way to find the date of birth or death of French people before King François the 1st and the "Edit de Villers-Cotterêts" (August 1539). Even without official records, it is possible to find some more information based on the date of marriages and other  important events in the lives of Caveys. Below is some information I have put together.

The oldest document that contain the name Cavey is found in an archive which is registered 'H 5347' at the services of Orne Department Archives. In that document is written about a plot of ground from Fontenil that was sold in 1228 to "Maison-Dieu of Trun" (Trun is a little village in Department of Orne). This is significant because I explain below, all Caveys descendants of Jean Cavey were "escuyer-seigneur de Fontenil" ("Squire-Lord of Fontenil").

Thus far in our research, the most ancient Cavey known in France is Nicolas Cavey. We do not know the date of his birth or death, but his name is found, written, in a register dated 1288. He obtained a favor of some type from Robert de Pontol, a noble-person. This occurred while Philippe IV le Bel (1285-1314) was King of France and Edouard the 1st (1272-1307) was King of England.

Following that is Jehan Cavey a noble-person who, according to the register, gives a favor to Robert de Guerpel the 2nd of July1381.

1388, Raoul Cavey is quoted in a register from the "Abbaye de Silly" (Orne).

1399, Philippe Cavey is quoted in a register from the "Commanderie de Villedieu le Bailleul" (Orne).

We have also found an incomplete family root that begins with the statement : Robert Cavey, married 1495 at Amboise (France) with a women whose name was Picard. Robert Cavey was "escuyer-seigneur des vallées" which is translated "Squire-Lord of the valleys". This title is very important and interesting with regards to the origins of the name Cavey. See : What are we beginning to understand about the name 'Cavey' ?

Their son, Jean Cavey married Jeanne Guerin in 1522 and is said to be "escuyer-seigneur de Villedieu" (That is "Squire-Lord of Villedieu").

Between 1288 and 1522, my father found a lot of other Caveys, but I do not currently have enough time to write about them. The above Caveys are those about witch we have the most significant information.

After Jean Cavey, all his descendants where nobles and "escuyer-seigneur de Fontenil" ("Squire-Lord of Fontenil").

We have also found, a Claude-Philippe Cavey. His date of birth is unknown, but he married Marie-Louise de Lespée in 1694, he died in 1750, and he was "lieutenant général de police à Trun" ("Lieutenant General of police at Trun"). The 19 of July 1697, her coat of arms were registered to the "General Armorial of France" (We have a copy of this act). What is interesting for the belgium branch of Caveys is that his name was written : "Claude de Cavey, escuyer-seigneur de Fontenil" (Squire-Lord of Fontenil). We have only found one occurrence in France of Cavey written "de Cavey", but we have found a "de Cavey" branch in Belgium (see : Caveys in Belgium and India).

In the "Dictionary of the Argentan Country", published 1961 by Xavier Rousseau, we read that "The Caveys, whose date of ennoblement is unknown, but who where acknowledged as nobles the 1st of April 1770 [...]". That means that this branch of Caveys where nobles from their beginning.

According to my father's research, it seems that all the Caveys living or having their roots in the department of Orne are descendants of these Caveys.

  • Cavey's from Manche (La Ronde Haye & Pirou, Southern Normandy)

This is the second branch of Caveys in France, the branch from which I descend.

My father found the following information in the record office at Manche (H series Ste Trinité de Lessay Abbaye) about the Caveys below (I can't find no more information about them) :

Thomas Cavey (1392) : form Pirou (Manche, Southern Normandy). He bought a parcel of land (1392) from Ruolle Cordier at Saint-Patrice-de-Claids (Manche, Southern Normandy).

Robin Cavey (1467) : from Perrier (Manche, Southern Normandy). He bought a parcel of land (1467) from Jean le Comte. The next year he sold the same parcel to Nicolle Le Compte, Priest (1468).

Perrin Cavey (1486) : He is quoted in a farming lease (1486) between Alain le Large from Sainte Opportune de Lessay (Manche, Southern Normandy) and Fleury Bertey from Créances (Manche, Southern Normandy).

Raoul Cavey (1542) : He is quoted in a judgment (1542) regarding an obligation on a parcel of land sold by Nicolle Le Comte to the Lessay' abbey (Manche, Southern Normandy).

Jacques Cavey (1686) : He is quoted in an act (1686) where he received the responsibility of the priory of Sainte-Marthe-de-Cottebrune (Manche, Southern Normandy).

The name is continuously present since 1560/1580 in a very small village named "La-Ronde-Haye" and around that area (especially at Pirou). There is a solid lineage of Caveys from 1580 in La Ronde Haye to my father and me. So we can trace our Cavey roots to 1580 ! Can anyone on the WEB do better then that ?

Some other Caveys can be found in other areas not far from Pirou. Because of that, we believe they are all relatives of Caveys from La Ronde Haye and Pirou. They are all my distant cousins.

  • Try to begin a conclusion ?

There are two branches of Caveys in France. One originated from Orne and were nobles. That is the reason we have found a lot of information about that branch. The oldest known Cavey is from this branch, Nicolas Cavey who was alive in 1288.

The other branch, from Manche, had no nobles. They where farm laborers, but land owners themselves. This is my branch. My oldest known ancestor was Thomas Cavey who was alive in 1392 during the reign of King Charles VI of France (1380-1422) and King Richard II of England (1377-1399).

Because the departments of Orne and Manche are close (in fact they share a common border), and because there is less than 80 kilometers (about 50 miles) apart, we believe that they have the same roots. According to my father conjecture, it is possible that the Commanderie of Templiers de Villedieu Bailleul (Orne) has creates a subsidiary Commanderie in the department of the Manche (near Pirou). And may be that a Cavey immigrated in the Manche then (approximately 1399).

But for now, that is yet to be proved...

 


Last update : May-22-2012 18:03:23 CEST

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